Smartphone parts and components look very complicated from the outside. We will discuss in this article: what is the basic hardware that helps smartphones work, what parts the smartphone consists of, etc.

In the smartphones we use, there are many rare elements with magnetic, phosphorescent and conductive properties in the smartphones, especially gold, silver and copper. Palladium, aluminum, platinum, tungsten, tin, lead, magnesium, lithium and potassium are other metals found in phones. These elements create the screen and colors of the smartphones, help its conductivity and make the phones vibrate.

Inside the smartphones lies a great engineering marvel. Parts such as the phone's processor, storage area, ram are integrated, as well as parts such as headphone jack, battery, speaker, cameras, fingerprint sensor can be easily disassembled and replaced.

Screen

The most prominent component of the smartphone is its screen, and although every detail you see is on the outside, it is actually an internal component of the device. Display technologies in today's smartphones come in two main types:

LCD-based displays (IPS technology and variants)

LED lighting displays (AMOLED, Super AMOLED and variations)

Modem

Because smartphones are just phones at the end of the day, they need communication components to send and receive text messages and calls. That's where modems come in, and every SoC manufacturer has their own brand of modems, and that includes Qualcomm, Samsung, Huawei, and others.

Every day, manufacturers are using new technologies to offer the most efficient LTE chips. However, there is absolutely no point in having such powerful chips in smartphones if your own cellular network does not support these speed levels.

Antenna

It is the piece of hardware used to receive and transmit the signals emitted by the phone and the base station. The gravitational force of the phone directly affects the performance with the antenna.

Camera

All smartphones have rear and front cameras. This number is also increasing in order to offer better quality footage. A smartphone consists of three main parts: sensor, lens and image processor.

Sensors

A smartphone has five main sensors that enable it to offer the 'touch' functionality. The names and importance of all these sensors are detailed below: Accelerometer, Gyroscope, Digital Compass, Ambient Light Sensor, Proximity Sensor.

Built-in Flash

If you are using a camera on mobile phones, it is a part used to illuminate night environments while taking pictures or videos. It is used for clearer shooting of pictures and videos. These parts are located on the back of the phone, there is no flash feature in the internal cameras, they have manufacturers according to their own brands and models, and other companies can produce these parts on behalf of phone manufacturers.

Built-in Speaker

It is the component where you can export the music, video sounds and phone calls you listen to in Phones and enable you to listen to the phone handset.

CPU and RAM

We have given comprehensive information about both CPU and RAM in our previous articles.

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